Sleep disorders are a group of conditions that affect the ability to sleep on a regular basis. Most of us have experienced trouble sleeping at one time or another. This is normal and usually temporary; due to stress or other outside factors. But if it continues and interfere with your daily life, you may be suffering from a sleep disorder. The lack of quality sleep can have a negative impact on your energy, emotional balance, and health.
Some common sleep disorders include sleep apnea (temporary cessation of respiration), narcolepsy (Excessive sleepiness at inappropriate times), cataplexy (sudden and transient loss of muscle tone while awake), and sleeping sickness (disruption of sleep cycle due to infection).Other disorders include sleepwalking, night terrors and bed wetting. Management of sleep disturbances that are secondary to mental, medical, or substance abuse disorders should focus on the underlying conditions.
Sleep disorders in adults may increase the chances of developing hypertension, heart disease, mood disorders and memory problems. If indicated, following an outpatient evaluation, patients are referred for an overnight sleep study.