Some days we feel on top of the world, and other days we feel “down” and dejected. Some fluctuations in moods are a normal part of life, as we react to the events of the day. For hospitalization and psychological assessment, significant and prolonged disturbances in mood is considered. Three major categories of mood disorders are mania, depressive disorder and Bipolar Affective Disorder (BPAD).
Mania is the mood of an abnormally, persistently elevated, irritable mood.
SYMPTOMS OF MANIA:
COURSE OF MANIA:
This period of abnormal mood must last at least one week for hospitalization and psychological investigation. Manic episodes can last from a few weeks to a few months in length, and they are often preceded by stressful life events. While the average age for a first manic incidence is in the early twenties, some occur in the teen-age years. Those who have their first episode in their teens often have a history of behaviour problems.
Every person occasionally feels blue or sad. But these feelings are usually short-lived. When a person have depression and if it interferes with daily life and cause discomfort for both the patient and the family member (s), then they should look for hospitalization and psychological assessments.
SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF DEPRESSIVE DISORDER:
COURSE OF DEPRESSIVE DISORDER:
Depressive disorder follows a recurrent course. Depression is one of the biggest risk factors for suicide; with around 15% of depressed people committing suicide. Depression affects people of all ages, including children. Early onset predicts a worse course of depression over time, so depression in childhood and teenage years is a serious problem that can lead to ongoing difficulties throughout life.
BIPOLAR AFFECTIVE DISORDER (BPAD):
BPAD is characterized by recurrent episodes of mania and depressive disorder in the same person at different times. These episodes can occur in any sequence. The treatment aims at preventing either manic or depressive episode. However, once the episode has started, the treatment will be focussed on treating the symptoms and simultaneously work on the remission of the symptoms. Some people may be absolutely symptoms free for months to years whereas others may relapse more frequently.